Structural Engineering is a field in Civil Engineering that specializes in analyzing and designing, of structures. ‘A structure’ refers to a combination of parts that are designed and built to withstand loads.
Some structures are designed to accommodate people such as buildings, while others are not intended to be occupied by people such as communication towers, dams, etc.
Trained professionals are responsible for planning, designing, and inspecting structures to ensure they are safe are referred to as Structural Engineers.
What is Structural design?
Structural design refers to the process of determining safe and economical specifications of a member of a structure and/or an entire structure adequate to support the applied load.
The primary objective in structural design is to produce a structure capable of resisting all loads applied without failure during its intended life.
Stages in Structural Design
Structural design involves the following stages:
- Load Computation
- Structural analysis
- Structural Design
- Preparation of Drawings and Specifications
Major Causes of Structural Failures
One of the leading causes of structural failures which leads to building collapse is poor structural designs. Non-licensed individuals commonly mastermind these. Other causes result from poor execution of structural specifications.
The effects of structural failures can be devastating. They often lead to the loss of lives and properties.
We all have a duty, however small to engage or encourage the engagement of a licensed structural engineer in the design and implementation of the design.
Let us do this with an unwavering attitude as we seek to eliminate calamities resulting from poor structural engineering practices.